John Milton was born on December 9, 1608 in London. Milton combines the Renaissance and Reformation movements very beautifully in his great literary works. Some of his literary contributions are “Ode on The Morning of Christ’s Nativity”, Paradise Lost”, “L’Allegro” and “II Penseroso” (1633), “Comus” (1634), “Lycidus” (1637), “Paradise regained,” “Samson Agonisttes.”
Milton’s “Paradise Lost” is a great epic. It is one of the greatest English epics of all time. It brings out the strong intellectual and creative energy of the poet. “Paradise Lost” is mainly about God, Satan, Adam, Eve, the battle for heaven between God and Satan, the creation of our first man and woman – Adam and Eve, their happy hours in the Garden of Eden.
We get a very vivid and accurate description of the Garden of Eden in Book 4 of “Paradise Lost”. Milton shows very nicely the beauties of Paradise. We learn that Milton’s Garden of Eden and the terrestrial Paradise were planted by Almighty God in East of Eden. He is writing:
“Eden stretched her line lijn
From Auran East to the Royal City
Of the great Seleucia, built by Greek kings,
Or where the sons of Eden long ago
Lived in Telessar”
Every object of the Garden of Eden is beautiful, full of freshness and natural. Every tree of Eden is full of fruit and flowers. There are very beautiful. We are introduced to BOOM of KNOWLEDGE and TREE OF LIFE. Different types of trees such as cedar, pine spruce provide a very nice picture. These trees form a natural boundary for the Garden of Eden. Every tree is laden with fruit. All the trees of the Garden bear fruits and flowers that shine brightly when the sun’s rays fall on them.
The trees of the Garden are full of fruits that are really tasty and full of richness. These trees are not artificially planted. They are full of natural wealth and qualities. Eden is full of natural treasures. There are lawns, clearings, valleys, where the cattle graze freely and happily. All nature has given everything to decorate Paradise. There are different flowers in different colors and scents. Adam and Eve often rest in the shady caves of the Garden.
Even the caves are decorated with fruit-laden trees and grape vines. The falls provide a soft and murmuring sound. The water is as clear as a mirror. The birds sing very sweetly from trees. The air of Paradise is pure and full of sweet fragrance. In the bosom of such a beautiful nature, God’s two most beautiful creations cherish their relationship. They are unaware of all of Satan’s strange plans.
Milton has given an extensive description of the world of flora and fauna. The whole world of flora has contributed to the decoration of Paradise. There are different varieties of roses and jasmines peeking from here and there in the Garden. These flowers have a different scent and color. Crocus, hyacinth decorate the floor of the garden. Even the animal kingdom is highly described by Milton. There are bears, tigers, elephants and other animal species. As a whole it is very difficult to describe such a nice atmosphere.
The sky, the land, the horizon, the river, the waterfall are full of sweet smell and sound. It is really difficult to find the counterpart of such a large garden as Garden of Eden. The sounds of the bird are delightful to the ears of man. The Garden’s sunrise and sunset are truly one of the most desirable and beautiful scenes.
Thus Milton gives us very accurately the detailed description of the Garden of Eden. Milton is England’s second great poet to stand next to Shakespeare in bringing nature in words and sentences for the readers. Milton is a nature lover. In Book 4 he tells a menacing description of nature and also of the charms of Adam and Eve. Milton is always about stately and majestic themes. Milton’s concepts are high and grand. “Paradise Lost” was born from his pure imaginative mind. He combines modernity as well as ancient and mythological themes, incidents and characters larger than life.
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